Does the Qur’an say Torah was given for the Egyptians? So, when Zaid finished his desire for her, We gave her into your marriage, so that there may not be a problem for the believers in marrying wives of their adopted sons, when they finish their desire for them; and Allah‘s decree had to be enforced.[1]. He would come to the Messenger of God and tell him so, but the Messenger of God would say to him, “Keep your wife.” Zayd separated from her and left her, and she became free. Jahsh was sitting near his head to nurse him. In the last narration Zainab had her head uncovered and here there is an undertone about something far more serious with regards to her dressing. On the other side, the Prophet was informed through revelation that Zayd would divorce her whereafter she would be married to him. [46], Furthermore, there is reported evidence that before expressing her initial reluctance to marry Zaid she thought the Prophet (ﷺ) had proposed her for himself and even gave her consent and once she realized it was rather for Zaid she felt dejected.[47]. See, al-‘Asqalani, Ibn Hajar, Fath al-Bari, (Beirut: Dar al-Ma‘rifa, 1379 AH) Vol.8, 523, [50] Al-Tha‘labi, Abu Ishaq, al-Kashaf wa al-Bayan ‘an Tafsir al-Qur’an, (Beirut: Dar Ihya’ al-Turath, 2002) Vol.8, 48, [51] Al-Qurtubi, Shams al-Din, al-Jami‘ li-Ahkam al-Qur’an, (Cairo: Dar al-Kutab al-Misriya, 1964) vol.14, 190-191, [52] Al-Tirmidhi, Hakim, Nawadir al-Usul fi Ahadith al-Rasul, (Cairo: Maktaba al-Imam al-Bukhari, 2008) Vol.1, 597, [53] Ibn al-‘Arabi, Ahkam al-Qur’an, (Beirut: DKI, 2003) Vol.3, 578, [54] Al-Andalusi, Abu Hayyan, al-Bahr al-Muhit fi al-Tafsir, (Beirut: Dar al-Fekr, 1420) Vol.8, 482, [55] Al-Jawziyya, Ibn al-Qayyim, Za’ad al-Ma’ad fi Hadyi Khair al-‘Ibad, (Beirut: al-Resalah Publishers, 1992) Ed. [12] (b) Part of the narration that says the Prophet (ﷺ) came to Zaid’s place and nearly entered it is a unique narration of Mu‘mal. The story of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) allegedly falling in love with his cousin and wife of his adopted son Zaid, Zainab bt. Zaid’s father and uncle then came to Mecca. Theres no Lesson he was trying to teach or Divine plan behind it, just pure Adulterous Lust. But, their temperaments did not match and merge with each other. When Zayd complained to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) about Zaynab’s attitude, and said that she did not obey him, and told him that he wanted to divorce her, the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to him, by way of good manners and advice: “Fear Allaah in what you say and keep your wife”, but he knew that Zayd was going to divorce her and … Thereafter, when her ‘iddah ended, Allah sent a revelation from heavens regarding her marriage with the Prophet.[36]. (b) ‘Abdullah b. Why did Prophet Muhammad marry his daughter-in-law? Zayd said, “Why didn’t you ask him to come in?” She replied, “I asked him, but he refused.” “Did you hear him say anything?” he asked. Such weakness of individual reports where it is not just about missing a link but two or more missing links and narrators unanimously declared weak or altogether unknown or both cannot give credence to one another. On a certain day, Zayd presented these very complaints before the Holy Prophet and showed his intention to divorce her. But everyone had to submit to the Holy Prophet's command. She had previously been married to Muhammad's adopted son Zayd ibn Harithah see also, Al-Haithami, Majm‘ al-Zawa’id, Vol.7, 91-92 No. Besides the fact that even this version has nothing to suggest as is alleged, there are a number of problems with it: (a) Mu‘mal b. Isma’il has been criticized for weak memory and his being prone to make mistakes. A number of scholars have likewise considered this the most apt interpretation of the verse. In English language, however, there is no cogent and comprehensive piece of writing covering all the aspects of the issue. وقال الكلبي: إن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أتى زينب زائرا، فأبصرها قائمة فأعجبته، فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم سبحان الله مقلب القلوب، فرأى زيد أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قد هويها فقال: يا رسول الله ائذن لي في طلاقها، فإن فيها كبرا وإنها تؤذيني بلسانها، فقال له رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: اتق الله وأمسك عليك زوجك، فأمسكها زيد ما شاء الله ثم طلقها، فلما انقضت عدتها أنزل الله نكاحها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم من السماء, [Muhammad b. al-Sa’ib] al-Kalbi said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) came to visit Zainab and while he saw her standing she attracted his admiration. Zainab was Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)'s cousin. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Late Pakistani scholar Mufti Muhammad Shafi’ in his commentary to the verse writes: As ordered by the Prophet (ﷺ), the marriage of Zainab bt. He too does not care to mention his authority for the report. It is perhaps beneficial to briefly comment here on Dr. Yasir Qadi’s treatment of the issue in an episode of his series on the Sirah of the Prophet (ﷺ); [64] Deffrrari, Roy Joseph, The Fathers of the Church: A New Translation, Vol. Had Prophet Muhammad engaged in any unbecoming behavior, no shortage of critics existed during his lifetime. Moreover, despite being recognized for vast knowledge he has been condemned as a narrator. It mentions nothing about his alleged feelings about Zainab. Republican judges don't ride with Trump on election cases Zayd was the adopted son of muhamad. [2] Shafi’, Muhammad, Ma’arif al-Qur’an, translated by Muhammad Shamim (Karachi: Maktaba-e-Darul’Uloom, n.d.) Vol.7, 161-163, [3] Al-Bukhari, Muhammad b. Isma’il, al-Sahih, (Riyadh: Maktabat Darussalam, 2007) Hadith 7420, [5] Ibn Sa’d, Tabaqat al-Kubra, (Beirut: DKI, 1990) Vol.8, 82; Abu ‘Awana, al-Musnad al-Mustakhraj, (Beirut: Dar al-Ma’rifa, 1998) Hadith 4177; Ibn Hibban, al-Sahih, (Beirut: al-Resalah Publishers, 1988) Hadith 7045; al-Hakim, al-Mustadrak, (Beirut: DKI, 1990) Hadith 3563; al-Baihaqi, Dala’il al-Nabuwwah, (Beirut: DKI, 1405) Vol.3, 466, [6] Ibn Sa’d, Tabaqat al-Kubra, Vol.8, 82; Al-Tirmidhi, al-Jami‘ al-Kabir, (Beirut: al-Resalah Publishers, 2009) Hadith 3213; ‘Abd b. Humaid, al-Muntakhab min al-Musnad, (Riyadh: Dar al-Bilnisiya, 2002) Hadith 1205; Abu ‘Awana, al-Musnad al-Mustakhraj, (Beirut: Dar al-Ma’rifa, 1998) Hadith 418; al-Tabarani, Abu al-Qasim, Mu’jam al-Kabir, (Cairo: Maktaba Ibn Taimiya, n.d.) Vol.24, 43 Hadith 116, [7] Al-Baihaqi, Sunan al-Kubra, (Beirut: DKI, 2003) Hadith 13915, [8] Al-Tirmidhi, al-Jami‘ al-Kabir, Hadith 3212; al-Bazzar, al-Musnad, (Madina: Maktaba al-‘Ulum wa al-Hikam, 2005) Vol.13, 287 Hadith 6860, [9] Al-Nasa’i, Sunan al-Kubra, (Beirut: al-Resalah Publishers, 2001) Hadith 11343, [10] al-Bazzar, al-Musnad, Vol.13, 287 Hadith 6860, [11] Ahmad b. Hanbal, al-Musnad, (Beirut: al-Resalah Publishers, 2001) Edited by Shu‘aib al-Arna’ut et al. Did Muhammad connive Zainab and Zaid to divorce? This suggests Zaid divorced Zainab as he observed Prophet’s (ﷺ) feelings for her but outwardly mentioned her behaviour towards him as the reason. 362, [41a] al-Zaili’i, Jamal al-Din, Nasb al-Raya li-Ahadith al-Hidaya, (Beirut: al-Rayan Foundation, 1997) Vol.1, 359-360, [42] Shakir, Ahmad, Alfiyyah al-Suyuti fi ‘Ilm al-Hadith, (Beirut: Maktaba al-‘Ilmiyyah, n.d) 10, [43] See for instance, al-Albani, Silsala al-Ahadith al-Da‘ifa, Vol.3, 618 No. The Prophet did not tell Zaid to divorce her when he mentioned the troubles in their relation even though he had been told through revelation that it was thus planned by Allah and was destined to happen anyway. Unfortunately, the marriage of Zaid and Zainab (a marriage that Muhammad himself had arranged) was beyond repair and ends in divorce. Moreover, weakness in each of them is too much for them to suffice as support for others. However, this marriage did not last long, and Hazrat Zaid (ra) divorced Hazrat Zainab. Khadeeja’s necklace”. But this is not all. The Prophet proposed the marriage of Zainab with Zaid to her brother, but he refused to let his sister, a noble girl of Hashimite and Quraishite ancestry and the first cousin of the Prophet, become the wife of a former slave. A lot has been written on the subject including dedicated treatises and lengthy discussions covering both the narrative authenticity and the textual analysis. Did Muhammad connive Zainab and Zaid to divorce? ZAID IBN AL-HARIS. Many Muslims are not aware that all of this happened because of the issue with Zaid and Zainab. In the last narration Zainab had her head uncovered and here there is an undertone about something far more serious with regards to her dressing. Al-Sha‘bi (b. When the period of waiting of Zainab ra had elapsed, the Holy Prophet sa received revelation again with respect to her marriage, which instructed that the Holy Prophet sa should take her into a bond of matrimony himself. On this account he was reprimanded that as a Prophet (ﷺ) he should have feared Allah more than the people. The words “fulfilled his desire of her” by themselves give the meaning that Zaid was left with no desire attached to her. Muhammad was hiding within himself what Allah supposedly was to bring to light, namely that Muhammad was to marry his adopted son’s wife. When, however, the weakness of hadith is due to a narrator being impugned or accused of lying and it is related though other links of this kind only, it does not rise to the level of hasan; in fact its weakness compounds. This was considered taboo in pre-Islamic Arab society. The multiplicity of links, therefore, only signifies compounded weakness. So he came and said, “Messenger of God, I want to separate myself from my companion.” Muhammad asked: “What is wrong? Accordingly we find ‘Abdul Malik. His reports, therefore, are not relied upon unless corroborated. Do as God has told you and take my wife.’ Rather to tell the story over from the beginning he said to him: ‘God has given me the command that you put away your wife.’ And he put her away. The reason why Allah did this was to show others that it was permissible for them to marry their adopted sons' former wives. She said: “He is not here, Messenger of God. I told his family what happened and said I wanted a divorce, his mother tried to calm me down, she told me this was not the first time he had acted this way, apparently he even tried killing his father once with a kitchen knife, they had to take him to rehab, that was why they couldn’t let him study abroad like his other siblings. [14], Qatada’s mursal reports, however, do not go well with the scholars. The Prophet (ﷺ) said: ‘No’. Zainab bint Jahsh died when she was 53 years old. She was also willing to marry the Prophet (ﷺ). Likewise, Ahmad Shakir (d. 1377/1957) noted: إذا كان ضعف الحديث لسوء حفظ الراوي أو نحو ذلك فإنه يرقى إلى درجة الحسن أو الصحة بتعدد طرقه إن كانت كذلك ، وأما إذا كان ضعف الحديث لفسق الراوي أو اتهامه بالكذب ، ثم جاء من طرق أخرى من هذا النوع ، فانه لا يرقى إلى الحسن بل يزداد ضعفاً إلى ضعف ، إذ أن تفرد المتهمين بالكذب أو المجروحين في عدالتهم بحديث لا يرويه غيرهم يرجح عند الباحث المحقق التهمة ويؤيد ضعف رواياتهم, When the weakness of a hadith is due to bad memory of a narrator or a weakness of the similar kind it rises to the degree of hasan or sahih provided there are multiple chains of narrators. This man had a beautiful wife with whom Mohammed fell in love. Telling Someone to Bite Their Father’s Genitals: Explicit Phrase or Misunderstood Expression? al-Tabari vol.39 p.180-182. Though criticized otherwise, the tafsir reports through this isnad are accepted since they are known to have been transmitted in writing. Haitham bin ‘Adi, Abu al-Hasan al-Mada’ini, and Yahya bin Ma‘in said he died in the year 115 AH, see al-Mizzi, , Tahdhib al-Kamal fi Asma’ al-Rijal, Vol.20, 292, [28] Al-Tabarani, Abu al-Qasim, Mu’jam al-Kabir, Vol.24, 44 No. The content also shows signs of incredulous story making. ‘Abdullah al-Hadrami – al-Hasan b. Qur’an says ‘Ask People of the Book’: What and Why? But, after having learnt about the event as it would transpire through Divine revelation and after the intention of nikah with Zainab having emerged in his heart, this advice of not divorcing given to Zayd had remained at the level of a sort of formal expression of good wishes – something not appropriate to the station of a messenger of Allah, particularly so because, alongwith it, included therein was the apprehension of taunts from the people. However, he did say overtly: “Glory be to God the Almighty! Why did Kate immediately divorce William when the baby was identified as a boy, Queen said أرابك منها شيء! Zaid (Zayd) was a freed slave whom Muhammad publicly adopted as his son. 6848, [22] Al-‘Asqalani, Ibn Hajar, Tahdhib al-Tahdhib, (Hyderabad: Da’ira Ma’arif, 1326 AH) Vol.9, 418, [23] Al-Albani, Nasir al-Din, Silsala Ahadith al-Da‘ifa, No. Khadeeja’s necklace”. 15348, [32] Al-Albani, Nasir al-Din, Silsala Ahadith al-Da‘ifa, No. Al-Sha‘bi’s freedslave Sulaim who had the paedonymic surname Abu Salama is considered a weak narrator. When he first came back, his wife She went in and told her husband, “O Abu Al’As, didn’t you husband. He divorced Zainab and Allah declared in his Glorious Book that he has wedded her to the prophet after the proper waiting period was over. Also, it is a mystery why in the world, any father-in law will need to marry his adopted son’s wife. The Prophet came to them and admonished here and while he talked to her he developed likeness for her beauty, countenance, and wit. In this narration the story develops further on two accounts. The entire melodrama: Zaid’s divorce of Zainab, Muhammad’s marriage with Zainab and subsequent revelations of several Qur’anic Ayats from Allah to purify this scandalous happening is something to ponder very seriously. Zaid and Zainab had been concealed alleged Inconsistency of the alleged feelings about Zainab had. “ I am the person you know it mentions nothing about his wife rose... Possible origin has also been suggested 41a ] and reported on the Age of 'Aisha, 3 Prophet struck. Had already ordained it, and Hazrat Zaid ’ s wife when Prophet adopted Zayd, he wants to her. Isma ‘ il al-Suddi ( d. 146/763 ) mentioned no authority for his account he. Your area [ 68 ] we can, therefore, are not relied upon unless corroborated the frivolity! From heavens regarding her marriage fear him what Allah made known and not something the... Mutually corroborating this is my father and uncle then came to Mecca did the Prophet. [ 41.! 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